Studia Leibnitiana 48 (1):68-88 (2016)

Shane Duarte
University of Notre Dame
In the second part of this essay, I aim to show that Leibniz, in asserting that bodies are aggregates of substances, wants to affirm something about bodies insofar as they exist a parte rei or in reality: in reality a body is not a being, but a multitude of beings or substances. And this, on my view, is precisely what leads Leibniz to assert that bodies are phenomena: since a body is not in reality a being, but many beings, it follows that a body, conceived as a being, is something that exists only objectively in the soul. That is, a body, conceived as a single thing, is not something real, but an imaginary being, a creature of the mind, a phenomenon.
Keywords Leibniz  Metaphysics  Seventeenth-century Philosophy  Body  Idealism  Ontology  Democritus
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