Foundations of Science 11 (4):419-447 (2006)
In this paper an analysis of Newton’s argument for universal gravitation is provided. In the past, the complexity of the argument has not been fully appreciated. Recent authors like George E. Smith and William L. Harper have done a far better job. Nevertheless, a thorough account of the argument is still lacking. Both authors seem to stress the importance of only one methodological component. Smith stresses the procedure of approximative deductions backed-up by the laws of motion. Harper stresses “systematic dependencies” between theoretical parameters and phenomena. I will argue that Newton used a variety of different inferential strategies: causal parsimony considerations, deductions, demonstrative inductions, abductions and thought-experiments. Each of these strategies is part of Newton’s famous argument.
|Keywords||argumentative pluralism Newton Principia universal gravitation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Cambridge Companion to Newton.I. Bernard Cohen & George E. Smith (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
Newton's Argument for Universal Gravitation.William Harper - 2002 - In I. Bernard Cohen & George E. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Newton. Cambridge University Press. pp. 174--201.
Newton's Experimental Proofs as Eliminative Reasoning.Athanassios Raftopoulos - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50 (1):91-121.
From the Phenomenon of the Ellipse to an Inverse-Square Force: Why Not?George E. Smith - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 31--70.
Citations of this work BETA
Kant on Newton, Genius, and Scientific Discovery.Bryan Hall - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (4):539-556.
Similar books and articles
The Anticipation of Necessity: Kant on Kepler's Laws and Universal Gravitation.Scott Tanona - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):421-443.
Understanding (in) Newton's Argument for Universal Gravitation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):227 - 258.
Inferences From Phenomena in Gravitational Physics.William Harper & Robert DiSalle - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):54.
Testing Universal Gravitation in the Laboratory, or the Significance of Research on the Mean Density of the Earth and Big G, 1798-1898: Changing Pursuits and Long-Term Methodological-Experimental Continuity. [REVIEW]Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
"From the Phenomena of Motions to the Forces of Nature": Hypothesis or Deduction?Howard Stein - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:209 - 222.
Qualities, Properties, and Laws in Newton's Induction.David Marshall Miller - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):1052-1063.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #214,055 of 2,152,218 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #399,478 of 2,152,218 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.