Addiction, Identity, Morality

Ajob Empirical Bioethics 10 (2):136-153 (2019)

Authors
Brian D. Earp
Oxford University
Abstract
Background: Recent literature on addiction and judgments about the characteristics of agents has focused on the implications of adopting a ‘brain disease’ versus ‘moral weakness’ model of addiction. Typically, such judgments have to do with what capacities an agent has (e.g., the ability to abstain from substance use). Much less work, however, has been conducted on the relationship between addiction and judgments about an agent’s identity, including whether or to what extent an individual is seen as the same person after becoming addicted. Methods: We conducted a series of vignette-based experiments (total N = 3,620) to assess lay attitudes concerning addiction and identity persistence, systematically manipulating key characteristics of agents and their drug of addiction. Conclusions: In Study 1, we found that US participants judged an agent who became addicted to drugs as being closer to ‘a completely different person’ than ‘completely the same person’ as the agent who existed prior to the addiction. In Studies 2-6, we investigated the intuitive basis for this result, finding that lay judgments of altered identity as a consequence of drug use and addiction are driven primarily by perceived negative changes in the moral character of drug users, who are seen as having deviated from their good true selves.
Keywords addiction  personal identity  true self  moral self
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/23294515.2019.1590480
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person.Harry G. Frankfurt - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (1):5-20.
Reasons and Persons.Joseph Margolis - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.
The Essential Moral Self.Nina Strohminger & Shaun Nichols - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):159-171.
Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 50:72-73.

View all 22 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Love Addiction: Reply to Jenkins and Levy.Brian D. Earp, Bennett Foddy, Olga A. Wudarczyk & Julian Savulescu - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (1):101-103.
Hijacking Addiction.Neil Levy - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (1):97-99.
Disorders of Desire: Addiction and Problems of Intimacy. [REVIEW]Helen Keane - 2004 - Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):189-204.
Addiction Science as a Hedgehog and as a Fox.Warren K. Bickel & Richard Yi - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):441-442.
The Word for an Addict in Geneva.L. M. Perry - 2014 - Christian Bioethics 20 (1):80-96.
What is Wrong with Addiction.Jesse S. Summers - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (1):25-40.
What Is Addiction?Don Ross, Harold Kincaid & David Spurrett (eds.) - 2010 - The MIT Press.
Hegel on Addiction.Katerina Deligiorgi - 2019 - Hegel Bulletin 40 (3):398-424.
Johnny Wilkinson's Addiction.Malcolm Horne - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):31-34.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-04-25

Total views
48 ( #187,659 of 2,292,001 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
29 ( #29,748 of 2,292,001 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature