Foundation for a Natural Right to Health Care

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (6):537-557 (2011)
Authors
Jason Eberl
Saint Louis University
Abstract
Discussions concerning whether there is a natural right to health care may occur in various forms, resulting in policy recommendations for how to implement any such right in a given society. But health care policies may be judged by international standards including the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The rights enumerated in the UDHR are grounded in traditions of moral theory, a philosophical analysis of which is necessary in order to adjudicate the value of specific policies designed to enshrine rights such as a right to health care. We begin with an overview of the drafting of the UDHR and highlight the primary influence of natural law theory in validating the rights contained therein. We then provide an explication of natural law theory by reference to the writings of Thomas Aquinas, as well as elucidate the complementary “capabilities approach” of Martha Nussbaum. We conclude that a right to health care ought to be guaranteed by the state.
Keywords natural law  Aquinas, Thomas  Nussbaum, Martha  right to health care
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DOI 10.1093/jmp/jhr047
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References found in this work BETA

Human Functioning and Social Justice.Martha C. Nussbaum - 1992 - Political Theory 20 (2):202-246.
Normal Functioning and the Treatment-Enhancement Distinction.Norman Daniels - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (3):309--322.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Human Right to Health.Nicole Hassoun - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (4):275-283.
Can Prudence Be Enhanced?Jason T. Eberl - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (5):506-526.

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