Metaphysical and Ethical Perspectives on Creating Animal-Human Chimeras

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (5):470-486 (2009)

Authors
Jason Eberl
Saint Louis University
Abstract
This paper addresses several questions related to the nature, production, and use of animal-human (a-h) chimeras. At the heart of the issue is whether certain types of a-h chimeras should be brought into existence, and, if they are, how we should treat such creatures. In our current research environment, we recognize a dichotomy between research involving nonhuman animal subjects and research involving human subjects, and the classification of a research protocol into one of these categories will trigger different ethical standards as to the moral permissibility of the research in question. Are a-h chimeras entitled to the more restrictive and protective ethical standards applied to human research subjects? We elucidate an Aristotelian-Thomistic metaphysical framework in which to argue how such chimeras ought to be defined ontologically. We then examine when the creation of, and experimentation upon, certain types of a-h chimeras may be morally permissible.
Keywords chimera  hybrid  personhood  Aquinas, Thomas  potentiality
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DOI 10.1093/jmp/jhp035
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References found in this work BETA

At the Edge of Humanity: Human Stem Cells, Chimeras, and Moral Status.Robert Streiffer - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (4):347-370.
Aquinas's Account of Human Embryogenesis and Recent Interpretations.Jason Eberl - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (4):379 – 394.

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Citations of this work BETA

“The Animal” After Derrida: Interrogating the Bioethics of Geno-Cide.Norman Swazo - 2013 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (1):91-123.
Human Nature and Moral Status in Bioethics.Matthew Shea - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (2):115-131.
Ontological Kinds Versus Biological Species.Jason T. Eberl - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):32-34.

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Attitudes to Animals: Views in Animal Welfare.Francine L. Dolins (ed.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
Patents on Human-Animal Chimeras and Threats to Human Dignity.David B. Resnik - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):35-36.
Creating Human-Nonhuman Chimeras: Of Mice and Men.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):3 – 5.
Animal Welfare.C. R. W. Spedding - 2000 - Earthscan Publications.

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