Why is Evenus Called a Philosopher at Phaedo 61c?

Classical Quarterly 51 (2):423-434 (2001)
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I contend that “philosophos” is meant to carry the connotation of a Pythagorean: Euenus is a native from Paros which had a strong Pythagorean community down to the end of the fifth century. Moreover, “philosophos” was used to refer to the Pythagoreans, as can be seen from the story related by Cicero from Heraclides Ponticus (Tusc. Disp. V, iii, 7-8; cp. DL, 1.12; 8.8). I argue (against Burkert) that even if this story is part of the lore surrounding Pythagoras and, hence, without historical value as for Pythagoras, it may still be used as evidence for the use of “philosophos” among latter-day Pythagoreans.

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Theodor Ebert
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

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Zeno of elea.John Palmer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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