Foundations of Science 19 (4):403-422 (2014)

Maarten Boudry
University of Ghent
Certain enterprises at the fringes of science, such as intelligent design creationism, claim to identify phenomena that go beyond not just our present physics but any possible physical explanation. Asking what it would take for such a claim to succeed, we introduce a version of physicalism that formulates the proposition that all available data sets are best explained by combinations of “chance and necessity”—algorithmic rules and randomness. Physicalism would then be violated by the existence of oracles that produce certain kinds of noncomputable functions. Examining how a candidate for such an oracle would be evaluated leads to questions that do not admit an easy resolution. Since we lack any plausible candidate for any such oracle, however, chance-and-necessity physicalism appears very likely to be correct
Keywords Physicalism  Chance and necessity  Computability  Supernaturalism  Intelligent design  Hypercomputation  Randomness
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-014-9349-z
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Consciousness Explained.Daniel C. Dennett - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (4):905-910.
Physicalism.Daniel Stoljar - 2010 - Routledge.

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