In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1663-1690 (2014)

In the past centuries, most Muslims have encountered modern science as a Western import. To avoid being overwhelmed by the military and commercial advantages enjoyed by technologically advanced nations, Middle Eastern Muslim societies had to begin adopting modern knowledge. As westernization started to shape social structures and institutions as well as technologies, conservative Muslim responses to modern science typically became conditioned by the demands of cultural defense. Many Muslim thinkers argued that upholding the religious character of Muslim civilization meant borrowing technology but rejecting the perceived materialism pervading the conceptual frameworks of modern science. This defensive approach remains prominent in present Muslim thinking about science. Almost all religiously oriented Muslim thinkers take harmony between science and Islam for granted, but in practice, conservative Muslims often express deep reservations about the naturalistic perspectives dominating modern science. Especially in the popular literature, religiously motivated distortions of science are common. Darwinian evolution is a particular target of rejection.
Keywords Science and Religion  Science Education  Islam
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,355
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A Physicalist Manifesto: Thoroughly Modern Materialism.Andrew Melnyk - 2003 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nonoverlapping Magisteria.Stephen Jay Gould - 1997 - Natural History 106 (2):16--22.
The GHOST In The Universe: God in Light of Modern Science.Taner Edis - 2004 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 25 (2):183-185.

View all 14 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Islam e Occidente nel nome dell'umanesimo.Carmela Baffioni - 2007 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 52 (3):159-169.
Apologetic Modernity.Faisal Devji - 2007 - Modern Intellectual History 4 (1):61-76.
Islam and Science.Seyyed Hossein Nasr & Muzaffar Iqbal - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Zachory Simpson (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 71-86.
Muslim Governance and the Duty to Protect.Irene Oh - 2013 - Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (1):15-19.
Islam and Bioethics.Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):3-12.


Added to PP index

Total views
11 ( #855,818 of 2,519,515 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #407,153 of 2,519,515 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes