Challenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the football association’s rules on mixed football

Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (4):389-400 (2015)

The Football Association has been under pressure to allow girls to play in mixed teams since 1978, following 12-year old Theresa Bennett’s application to play with boys in a local league. In 1991, over a decade after Bennett’s legal challenge, the FA agreed to remove its ban on mixed football and introduced Rule C4 in order to permit males and females to play together in competitive matches under the age of 11. More recently, following a campaign by parents, coaches, local Members of Parliament and the Women’s Sport Foundation, the FA agreed to trial mixed football for the under-12 to under-15 age categories in order to establish, among other things, the risk of injury to players in sex-integrated competitions. A series of exponential changes ensued: between 2010 and 2014, the age at which mixed football was permitted increased from U11 to U16. In 2015, the FA announced the decision to raise the age limit on mixed football from U16 to U18 for the forthcoming 2015–2016 season. We critically examine th...
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DOI 10.1080/17511321.2015.1127995
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References found in this work BETA

Mixed Competition and Mixed Messages.Pam R. Sailors - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):65-77.
Sex Equality in Sports.Jane English - 1978 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (3):269-277.
A Feminist Reconstruction of Liberal Rights and Sport.Michael Burke - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (1):11-28.

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Citations of this work BETA

Unisex Sports: Challenging the Binary.Irena Martínková - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-18.

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