Abstract
Ludwik Fleck is remembered for his monograph published in German in 1935. Reissued in 1979 as Genesis and development of a scientific fact Fleck’s monograph has been claimed to expound relativistic views of science. Fleck has also been portrayed as a prominent scientist. The description of his production of a vaccine against typhus during World War II, when imprisoned in Buchenwald, is legendary in the scholarly literature. The claims about Fleck’s scientific achievements have been justified by referring to his numerous publications in international scientific journals. Though frequently mentioned, these publications have scarcely been studied. The present article discusses differences in interpretation and evaluation of science in relation to the background of the interpreters. For this purpose Fleck’s scientific publications have been scrutinized. In conjunction with further sources reflecting the desperate situation at the time in question, the results of the study account for a more restrained picture of Fleck’s scientific accomplishments. Furthermore, based on the review of the latter, certain demands characterizing good science could be articulated. The restricted possibilities of those not trained in science or not possessing field specific knowledge, evaluating science are discussed, as are also formal aspects of scientific papers and questions related to research ethics
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DOI 10.1016/j.shpsc.2006.12.008
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References found in this work BETA

Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact.Ludwik Fleck - 1979 - University of Chicago Press.
The Reading of Ludwik Fleck: Questions of Sources and Impetus.Eva Hedfors - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (2):131 – 161.
Message in a Bottle From ‘the Crisis of Reality’: On Ludwik Fleck’s Interventions for an Open Epistemology.Cornelius Borck - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (3):447-464.
Foreword.F. R. D. - 1989 - Dialectics and Humanism 16 (2):1-2.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Reading of Ludwik Fleck: Questions of Sources and Impetus.Eva Hedfors - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (2):131 – 161.
Stabilizing Autism: A Fleckian Account of the Rise of a Neurodevelopmental Spectrum Disorder.Berend Verhoeff - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 46 (1):65-78.
Fleck in Context.Eva Hedfors - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (1):49-86.

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