Part-whole physicalism and mental causation

Synthese 136 (3):359-388 (2003)
A well-known ``overdetermination''argument aims to show that the possibility of mental causes of physical events in a causally closed physical world and the possibility of causally relevant mental properties are both problematic. In the first part of this paper, I extend an identity reply that has been given to the first problem to a property-instance account of causal relata. In the second, I argue that mental types are composed of physical types and, as a consequence, both mental and physical types may be causally relevant with respect to the same physical effect, contrary to the overdetermination argument. In further sections, I argue that mental types have causal powers, consider some objections and reject an alternative version of part-whole physicalism. Throughout I assume that causal relata are tropes and property types are classes of tropes.
Keywords Causation  Mental  Metaphysics  Part  Physicalism  Properties  Trope
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DOI 10.1023/A:1025143104108
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Ann Whittle (2016). A Defense of Substance Causation. Journal of the American Philosophical Association (1):1-20.
Anders Strand (2010). Causal Exclusion and the Preservation of Causal Sufficiency. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):117-135.

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