On the Social Nature of Objectivity: Helen Longino and Justin Biddle


Authors
Jaana Eigi
University of Tartu
Abstract
According to Helen Longino, objectivity is necessarily social as it depends on critical interactions in com- munity. Justin Biddle argues that Longino’s account presupposes individuals that are completely open to any criticism; as such individuals are in principle able to criticise their beliefs on their own, Longino’s account is not really social. In the first part of my paper I argue that even for completely open individuals, criticism for maintaining objectivity is only possible in community. In the second part I question Biddle’s interpretation of Longino’s conception of the individual. I conclude that objectivity as Longino describes it is necessarily social.
Keywords criticism  objectivity  rule-following  tacit knowledge  social epistemology  epistemic subject
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ISBN(s) 0495-4548  
DOI 10.1387/theoria.13208
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The Fate of Knowledge.Helen Longino - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy.Louis Arnaud Reid & M. Polanyi - 1959 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (1):66.

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