Dissertation, University of Tartu (2016)

Authors
Jaana Eigi
University of Tartu
Abstract
Philosophy of science is showing an increasing interest in the social aspects and the social organisation of science—the ways social values and social interactions and structures play a role in the creation of knowledge and the ways this role should be taken into account in the organisation of science and science policy. My thesis explores a number of issues related to this theme. I argue that a prominent approach to the social organisation of science—Philip Kitcher’s well-ordered science—runs into a number of problems. They undermine its philosophical plausibility and practical usefulness. I agree with Kitcher that arguments about the social organisation of science should recognise profound societal consequences of science. Kitcher argues that the appropriate organisation of science should therefore take into account laypersons’ values and needs when making decisions concerning research planning, evaluation and application. My criticisms show that this is not enough. Drawing on Helen Longino ideas, I argue that laypersons’ perspectives and knowledge may also be relevant when doing research. In order to show how more inclusive research practices may be possible, I discuss connections between philosophy of science and some developments in science policy, which has also recently shown considerable interest in democratic participation. I demonstrate how public participation experiments in science policy may sometimes be close enough to what the philosopher would recommend. Their analysis can thus be helpful for understanding how societal developments may provide opportunities for the involvement of laypersons in science and what factors may endanger its success. I conclude that a way to pursue a more socially relevant philosophy of science is to focus on the points of contact and possibilities of cooperation between philosophical proposals and these public participation initiatives.
Keywords social aspects of science  social values  science policy  objectivity  public participation in science  well-ordered science  Kitcher  Longino
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Knowledge in a Social World.Alvin I. Goldman - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2002 - Princeton University Press.

View all 202 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Science as Social Knowledge.Sharon L. Crasnow - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (2):283-285.
Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
The Role of Humanities Policy in Public Science.Robert Frodeman - 2005 - Environmental Philosophy 2 (1):5-13.
Science, Values, and Objectivity.Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
The Broad Challenge of Public Engagement in Science.Rinie Est - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):639-648.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-09-15

Total views
314 ( #23,057 of 2,344,162 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
22 ( #30,574 of 2,344,162 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes