Carnap and ontological pluralism

In David Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 130--56 (2009)
  Copy   BIBTEX


My focus here will be Rudolf Carnap’s views on ontology, as these are presented in the seminal “Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology” (1950). I will first describe how I think Carnap’s distinction between external and internal questions is best understood. Then I will turn to broader issues regarding Carnap’s views on ontology. With certain reservations, I will ascribe to Carnap an ontological pluralist position roughly similar to the positions of Eli Hirsch and the later Hilary Putnam. Then I turn to some interrelated arguments against the pluralist view. The arguments are not demonstrative. Some possible escape routes for the pluralist are outlined. But I think the arguments constitute a formidable challenge. There should be serious doubt as to whether the pluralist view, as it emerges after discussion of these arguments, will be worth defending. Moreover, there is an alternative ontological view which equally well subserves the motivations underlying ontological pluralism.



External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Putting the bite back into 'Two Dogmas'.Paul Gregory - 2003 - Principia 7 (1-2):115-129.
Does Ontology Rest on a Mistake?Stephen Yablo - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):229 - 283.
Carnap, semantics and ontology.Gregory Lavers - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (3):295-316.
Ontology and objectivity.Thomas Hofweber - 1999 - Dissertation, Stanford University
Ontological Pluralism.Jason Turner - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (1):5-34.


Added to PP

924 (#10,352)

6 months
149 (#7,729)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Matti Eklund
Uppsala University

References found in this work

New work for a theory of universals.David K. Lewis - 1983 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):343-377.
The significance of philosophical scepticism.Barry Stroud - 1984 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Four Dimensionalism.Theodore Sider - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (2):197-231.
New Work For a Theory of Universals.David Lewis - 1983 - In D. H. Mellor & Alex Oliver (eds.), Properties. Oxford University Press.

View all 29 references / Add more references