Radość. Ujęcie Descartes’a i Spinozy

In Zbigniew Drozdowicz (ed.), Filozofia XVII wieku i jej kontynuacje. Wydawnictwo Fundacji Humaniora (2009)

Authors
Jolanta Żelazna
Nicolaus Copernicus University
Abstract
Happiness. The view of Descartes and Spinoza The article summaries some of the aspects of joy as a spiritual state (Descartes), and as affect / stimulation of the modi of nature (Spinoza). The psycho-physiological (Descartes) and ontological (Spinoza) placement of joy creates basic differences in evaluation of the said state by the two philosophers. As a result, the moral instructions provided by them to the reader vary in an approach to the emotions and their effect on human actions. Descartes values the importance of sadness as an affect warning us from dangers; Spinoza claims that joy (as different from pleasure) can never be excessive and encourages pursuing it as a mean to achieve happiness.
Keywords Descartes  Spinoza  affects  joy
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