Erkenntnis:1-20 (forthcoming)

Authors
Samuel Elgin
University of California, San Diego
Abstract
It is often said that there are two varieties of identity theory. Type-identity theorists interpret physicalism as the claim that every property is identical to a physical property, while token-identity theorists interpret it as the claim that every particular is identical to a physical particular. The aim of this paper is to undermine the distinction between the two. Drawing on recent work connecting generalized identity to truth-maker semantics, I demonstrate that these interpretations are logically equivalent. I then argue that each has the resources to resolve problems facing the other.
Keywords Physicalism  Generalized Identities  Truth-Maker Semantics  Grounding  Essence  Identity Theory
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DOI 10.1007/s10670-019-00189-0
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