Epistemic Two-Dimensionalism and Arguments from Epistemic Misclassification

Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):375-389 (2013)
Authors
Kelvin J. McQueen
Chapman University
Clas Weber
University of Western Australia
Edward J. R. Elliott
University of Leeds
Abstract
According to Epistemic Two-Dimensional Semantics (E2D), expressions have a counterfactual intension and an epistemic intension. Epistemic intensions reflect cognitive significance such that sentences with necessary epistemic intensions are a priori. We defend E2D against an influential line of criticism: arguments from epistemic misclassification. We focus in particular on the arguments of Speaks [2010] and Schroeter [2005]. Such arguments conclude that E2D is mistaken from (i) the claim that E2D is committed to classifying certain sentences as a priori, and (ii) the claim that such sentences are a posteriori. We aim to show that these arguments are unsuccessful as (i) and (ii) undercut each other. One must distinguish the general framework of E2D from a specific implementation of it. The framework is flexible enough to avoid commitment to the apriority of any particular sentence; only specific implementations are so committed. Arguments from epistemic misclassification are therefore better understood as arguments for favouring one implementation of E2D over another, rather than as refutations of E2D.
Keywords Two-Dimensional Semantics  Epistemic Argument  A priori  Descriptivism
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DOI 10.1080/00048402.2012.693112
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References found in this work BETA

Epistemic Two-Dimensional Semantics.David J. Chalmers - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):153-226.
Two-Dimensional Semantics.David J. Chalmers - 2006 - In E. Lepore & B. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook to the Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press.
Reference and Description Revisited.Frank Jackson - 1998 - Philosophical Perspectives 12 (S12):201-218.
Naming the Colours.David Lewis - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (3):325-42.
Epistemic Two-Dimensionalism and the Epistemic Argument.Jeff Speaks - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):59 – 78.

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Citations of this work BETA

Intensions and Indeterminacy: Reply to Soames, Turner, and Wilson.David J. Chalmers - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (1):249-269.
Epistemic Two-Dimensionalism and Empirical Presuppositions.Laura Schroeter - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):391-394.
No Easy Argument for Two-Dimensionalism.Jeff Speaks - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):775-781.
Unique Best Deserver Theory and Arguments From Misclassification.Richard Stillman - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):769-781.

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