Why isn't consciousness empirically observable? Emotion, self-organization, and nonreductive physicalism
Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (4):391-402 (1999)
Most versions of the knowledge argument say that, since scientists observing my brain wouldn't know what my consciousness "is like," consciousness isn't describable as a physical process. Although this argument unwarrantedly equates the physical with the empirically observable, we can conclude, not that consciousness is nonphysical but that consciousness isn't identical with anything empirically observable. But what kind of mind&endash;body relation would render possible this empirical inaccessibility of consciousness? Even if multiple realizability may allow a distinction between consciousness and its physical substrata, why does this distinction make consciousness empirically unobservable? The reason must be that the emotions motivating attention direction, partly constitutive of phenomenal states, are executed, not undergone by self-organizing processes actively appropriating and replacing needed physical substrata; we feel motivations by generating them. But all consciousness is motivated; visual cortex activation is unconscious of red unless the emotional limbic system and anterior cingulate motivatedly "look for" red. Experiencing entails executing motivations. Experimenters do know what subjects' brain events "are like" ---; but from the standpoint of the experimenter's motivational processes.
|Keywords||Consciousness Emotion Organization Physicalism Science Self|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Review of “the Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness” by Antonio Damasio and of “the Evolution of the Emotion-Processing Mind: With an Introduction to Mental Darwinism” by Robert Langs. [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):181-187.
Kim on Overdetermination, Exclusion, and Nonreductive Physicalism.Paul Raymont - 2003 - In Sven Walter & Heinz-Dieter Heckmann (eds.), Physicalism and Mental Causation. Imprint Academic.
Theories of Consciousness.David Papineau - 2003 - In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 353.
Nonreductive Realization and Nonreductive Identity: What Physicalism Does Not Entail.Carl Gillett - 2003 - In Sven Walter & Heinz-Dieter Heckmann (eds.), Physicalism and Mental Causation. Imprint Academic. pp. 31.
Emotion and the Function of Consciousness.Craig DeLancey - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):492-99.
The Interdependence of Consciousness and Emotion.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):1-10.
Consciousness, Motivation, and Emotion: Biopsychological Reflections.Bill Faw - 2000 - In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization- an Anthology. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. pp. 55-90.
Conscious Emotion in a Dynamic System: How I Can Know How I Feel.Natika Newton - 2000 - In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization - an Anthology. John Benjamins.
Consciousness, Self-Organization, and the Process-Substratum Relation: Rethinking Nonreductive Physicalism.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):173-190.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads1 ( #865,213 of 2,152,226 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #399,478 of 2,152,226 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.