Neuroethics 6 (1):155-164 (2013)

Authors
Gavin Enck
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Abstract
Discussions about the permissibility of students using enhancements in education are often framed by the question, “Is a student who uses cognitive-enhancing drugs cheating?” While the question of cheating is interesting, it is but only one question concerning the permissibility of enhancement in education. Another interesting question is, “What kinds of students do we want in our academic institutions?” I suggest that one plausible answer to this question concerns the ideals of human excellence or virtues. The students we want in our academic institutions are virtuous or, at least minimally, possess certain virtues. I argue that a virtuous student may choose to use cognitive-enhancing drugs for reasons of self-improvement. That a virtuous student may choose to use cognitive-enhancing drugs for reasons of self-improvement illustrates that under certain conditions motivation can determine the permissibility of using enhancements. Building upon this I suggest a virtues-based institutional rule for governing and guiding student-use of cognitive enhancers in an academic institution to be for the right reasons. This ideals of human excellence or virtues approach offers interesting and unique insights for issues of enhancement in education, as it might turn out, that uneasiness many people have about students using cognitive-enhancing drugs has less to do with issues of enhancement and more to do with the motivations and character of students
Keywords Enhancement  Cognitive-enhancing drugs  Virtues  Education  Students  Motivations
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DOI 10.1007/s12152-012-9164-6
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References found in this work BETA

Intelligent Virtue.Julia Annas - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1979 - The Monist 62 (3):331-350.
"What Is Knowledge?".Linda Zagzebski - 1999 - In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 92-116.

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Citations of this work BETA

Pharmaceutical Enhancement and Medical Professionals.Gavin G. Enck - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):23-28.
Virtues-Based Policies for Pharmacological Cognitive Enhancement.Gavin Enck - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):266-268.

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Cognitive Enhancement, Cheating, and Accomplishment.Rob Goodman - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):pp. 145-160.
Cognitive Enhancements and the Values of Higher Education.Matt Lamkin - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (4):347-355.
Psychopharmacological Enhancement.Walter Glannon - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):45-54.
Human Enhancement.Nick Bostrom & Julian Savulescu (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

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