The Thomist 79:615-639 (2015)

Authors
Chad Engelland
University of Dallas
Abstract
This paper reconnects the personal and the biological by extending the reach of parental causality. First, it argues that the reproductive act is profitably understood in personal terms as an “invitation” to new life and that the egg and sperm are “ambassadors” or “delegates,” because they represent the potential mother and father and are naturally endowed with causal powers to bring about motherhood and fatherhood, two of the most significant roles a person may have. Second, it argues that even though God alone can create a spiritual soul, the human parents are not just the causes of their child’s body; they are the secondary causes of the whole child. In this way, God acts as a kind of “sponsor” who enables the acceptance of the invitation issued by the parents, and he accepts it on behalf of the new human person that comes to be thanks to their invitation.
Keywords Philosophical Anthropology  Human Reproduction  Personalism  Metaphysics  Human Nature  Thomas Aquinas  Karol Wojtyla
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References found in this work BETA

Heidegger and the Human Difference.Chad Engelland - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (1):175-193.
Symposium. Plato - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
Invitation.[author unknown] - 1998 - Human Studies 21 (3):327-328.
Symposium.C. J. Plato & Rowe - 1989 - Oxford University Press.

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How Must We Be for the Resurrection to Be Good News?Chad Engelland - 2015 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89:245-261.

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