Psychological Bulletin 97 (2):155–186 (1985)

Gary Hatfield
University of Pennsylvania
We examine a number of investigations of perceptual economy or, more specifically, of minimum tendencies and minimum principles in the visual perception of form, depth, and motion. A minimum tendency is a psychophysical finding that perception tends toward simplicity, as measured in accordance with a specified metric. A minimum principle is a theoretical construct imputed to the visual system to explain minimum tendencies. After examining a number of studies of perceptual economy, we embark on a systematic analysis of this notion. We examine the notion that simple perceptual representations must be defined within the "geometric constraints" provided by proximal stimulation. We then take up metrics of simplicity. Any study of perceptual economy must use a metric of simplicity; the choice of metric may be seen as a matter of convention, or it may have deep theoretical and empirical implications. We evaluate several answers to the question of why the visual system might favor economical representations. Finally, we examine several accounts of the process for achieving perceptual economy, concluding that those which favor massively parallel processing are the most plausible.
Keywords Minimum principles  Gestalt psychology  Coding theories of simpicity  Connectionism  Leeuwenberg, E L J  Gibson, J J  Cutting, J  Hochberg, J
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References found in this work BETA

Action in Perception.Alva Noë - 2005 - MIT Press.
The Perception Of The Visual World.James J. Gibson - 1950 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
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Principles of Object Perception.Elizabeth S. Spelke - 1990 - Cognitive Science 14 (1):29--56.
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