Subliminal perception and its cognates: Theory, indeterminacy, and time

Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):73-91 (2004)
Abstract
Unconscious processes, by whatever name they may be known , are invariably operationalized by the dissociation paradigm, any situation involving the dissociation between two indicators , one of availability and the other, of accessibility , such that, ε>α. Subliminal perception has been traditionally defined by a special case of the dissociation paradigm in which availability exceeds accessibility when accessibility is null . Construct validity issues bedevil all dissociation paradigms since it is not clear what might constitute appropriate indicators that, moreover, are pure and exhaustive. Semantic and theoretic drifts in the recent literature—e.g., the confusion of different versions of the dissociation paradigm, the equation of conscious–unconscious with direct–indirect tests, and the foisting of the criterion of qualitative differences—have tended to undermine emerging theoretic parsimony. On the other hand, a crucial factor has been left out of theory development: time. Both ε and α can rise and fall over time, often asynchronously, and so dissociations may wax and wane and, even, reverse over time. Some laboratory evidence suggests that accessibility measures , as they approach chance, may actually dip below chance . If so, d′=0 , could be an averaging artifact of positive and negative d′s. Conscious accessibility is not either–or but more or less, and variable over time
Keywords *Dissociation  *Subliminal Perception  *Subliminal Stimulation  *Time
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/S1053-8100(03)00051-5
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 31,317
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Decision Processes in Perception.JohnA Swets, W. P. Tanner Jr & T. G. Birdsall - 1961 - Psychological Review 68 (5):301--40.
Replicable Unconscious Semantic Priming.Sean Draine & Anthony G. Greenwald - 1998 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-General 127 (3):286-303.

View all 40 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Availability, Accessibility, and Subliminal Perception.John F. Kihlstrom - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):92-100.
Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
65 ( #90,206 of 2,224,469 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #248,925 of 2,224,469 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature