Filozofija I Društvo 18 (3):43-57 (2007)

Abstract
Wars of the last decade of the 20th century in former Yugoslavia have brought the whole region into the center of media attention and, accordingly, have aroused interest of the western academic theory. Since the latest?discovery of the Balkans? was brought into being precisely due to wars, one shouldn?t be surprised to find that many academic approaches to questions of Yugoslavia dismemberment are biased, superficial or exotic. On the other hand, Serbian academic auditorium was far from being active in elaborating questions of its own contemporality and closest past - for various reasons, but mostly because of its detachment from systematic explorations. Thus, acknowledgement and presentations of mentioned issues were left to be the job of media publicists, others outside of academic community or were left to be treated in the time to come. Domestic scholars were rarely intrigued to deal with these matters, despite the fact that images of recent wars were often built on stereotypes and propaganda and that the formed knowledge of the entire subject suffered from severe simplification. The themes of great violence were particularly avoided which left some of the crucial war events out of the academic focus - the reason being, very probably, the estimation that what made Serbia and the region worldwide known is best to be forgotten. Contemporary academic silence on recent wars, in retrospection, could easily be placed within the continuum of silence during the socialist period and war which preceded it. Having all mentioned in mind, this paper not only investigates reasons for avoiding the issues of the nearest past and influences of silence in socialism on what came afterwards, but also highlights the importance of exploring semantics and functions of silence and silencing in recent wars, as well as the relationship between silence and social memory constructions. Ratovi u bivsoj Jugoslaviji devedesetih godina proslog veka doveli su ovaj region u centar medijske paznje i probudili odgovarajuce interesovanje i u akademskoj teoriji Zapada. Posto su poslednjem "otkrivanju Balkana" posredovali upravo ratovi, navijacki, povrsni ili egzoticni pristup pitanjima raspada SFRJ kao akademskoj temi nije neocekivan. S druge strane, u tematizovanju pitanja svoje savremenosti i najblize proslosti akademska javnost Srbije nije bila ni priblizno aktivna; iz najrazlicitijih razloga ali pre svega zbog nesklonosti sistematskim istrazivanjima, formiranje znanja i predstava o ovim temama uglavnom je ostavljala medijima, publicistima kolegama izvan svoje akademske zajednice ili nekom kasnijem vremenu. Uprkos tome sto su predstave o poslednjim ratovima neretko pocivale na stereotipima i propagandi, kao i cinjenici da formirano znanje o ovoj problematici pati od grubog pojednostavljivanja, ova pitanja su retko bila podsticajna za domace istrazivace. Posebno su izbegavane teme velikog nasilja, pa su izvan akademske paznje ostali i najmarkantniji ratni dogadjaji, mozda i zato sto se smatralo da bi ono po cemu su region i Srbija postali poznati najbolje bilo sto pre zaboraviti. U retrospektivi, pak, savremeno akademsko cutanje o poslednjim ratovima tesko je posmatrati izvan kontinuiteta sa cutanjem iz vremena socijalizma i rata koji mu je prethodio. Zato se ovim tekstom ne pokrecu samo pitanja razloga netematizovanja najblize proslosti i uticaja cutanja u socijalizmu na ono sto je doslo posle njega, vec se podstice istrazivanje semantike i funkcija cutanja i precutkivanja u poslednjim ratovima, kao i uzajamni odnos izmedju cutanja i konstrukcija drustvenog pamcenja.
Keywords silence, forgetting, social memory, wars in former Yugoslavia, Storm
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DOI 10.2298/fid0703043d
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Stereotype: End of (a) Story.Gordana Djeric - 2005 - Filozofija I Društvo 2005 (28):71-93.

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