The Plymouth Laboratory and the Institutionalization of Experimental Zoology in Britain in the 1920s

Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):151 - 183 (2009)

Abstract
The Plymouth Laboratory of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (1884) was founded in 1888. In addition to conducting morphological and other biological research, the founders of the laboratory aimed at promoting research in experimental zoology which will be used in this paper as a synonym for e. g. experimental embryology, comparative physiology or general physiology. This dream was not fully realized until 1920. The Great War and its immediate aftermath had a positive impact on the development of the Plymouth Laboratory. The war greatly upset the operation of the Zoological Station in Naples and the ensuing crisis in its operations was closely related to the establishment of the physiological department in Plymouth in 1920. Two other key factors in the Plymouth story were the establishment of the Development Fund in 1909, which began contributing funds to the Plymouth Laboratory in 1912, and the patronage of the Cambridge zoologist George P. Bidder (1863-1954). This paper will focus on the combined influence of the Development Fund and Bidder on the development of the Plymouth Laboratory from around 1902 through the early 1920s, and the important role the laboratory played in promoting experimental zoology in Britain in the 1920s.
Keywords zoological station  Naples  physiological laboratory  Plymouth  Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom  experimental zoology  Development Fund  George P. Bidder  Lancelot Hogben  Edgar J. Allen  Ray Lankester Investigatorship
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DOI 10.1007/s10739-008-9157-9
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References found in this work BETA

Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century.Garland Allen - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):323-323.

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