Schöpfung und Freiheit. Ein kosmologischer Schlüssel zu Kants Kompatibilismus

In Norbert Fischer (ed.), Kants Metaphysik und Religionsphilosophie. Meiner. pp. 43-76 (2004)

Wolfgang Ertl
Keio University
I examine two recent accounts of Kant's version of compatibilism, i.e., Hudson's reconstruction of Kant as an "anomalous monist" avant la lettre, and Wood's interpretation along the lines of a modified version of Boethius's "eternity solution". To retain the advantages of both strategies, yet avoid their respective shortcomings, I suggest approaching Kant's doctrine from his theology lectures and their concept of universal providence. This (probably Molinist) notion, an integral element of the regulative use of reason, allows Kant to regard, in part, the actual laws of nature as a function of the individual characters of human beings.
Keywords Transcendental idealism  Freedom  Compatibilism  Kant
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