In Violetta L. Waibel (ed.), Natur und Freiheit: Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 2539–2548 (2018)

Authors
Wolfgang Ertl
Keio University
Abstract
In this paper, I shall try to elucidate the relationship between nature and providence with regard to the function of guaranteeing perpetual peace in Kant's 1795 essay, an issue which, presumably for the very reason of providence being granted some role in the first place, has led to noticeable unease in Kant scholarship. Providence simply does not seem to fit in well into Kant’s philosophical account of history given the emphasis he puts on the notion of human freedom. The main idea grounding my approach is that the notion of providence is not only not a threat to human freedom, but perhaps the most important ingredient in Kant’s solution of the compatibility problem with regard to human freedom and natural causal determinism. This solution of the compatibility problem, as I have argued elsewhere, must be understood along the lines of a so-called “altered law-compatibilism” which makes the special laws of nature dependent on human freedom. The role of providence then is to elucidate or explicate how such a dependency is possible. Moreover, Kant’s own definition of “providence”, which he develops as an alternative to Baumgarten’s, provides the resources of identifying it – in a sense to be qualified below – with nature and hence provides the means for solving a long-standing riddle in Kant’s account. Of course, the compatibility problem does not take centre stage in the guarantor section in any way. Rather, what Kant is doing there can best be understood as presupposing and being closely related to his compatibility argument: He can be read as spelling out the dependency of laws on nature with regard to the course of history.
Keywords Perpetual Peace  Kant  Providence  Nature
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,811
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Kant on the ‘Guarantee of Perpetual Peace’ and the Ideal of the United Nations.Lucas Thorpe - 2019 - Dokuz Eylül University Journal of Humanities 6 (1):223-245..

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Kant's Guarantee for Perpetual Peace: A Reinterpretation and Defence.Sorin Baiasu - 2018 - In Larry Krasnoff, Nuria Sánchez Madrid & Paula Satne (eds.), Kant's Doctrine of Right in the 21st Century. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales Press. pp. 181-200.
Kant's "Naturalistic" History of Mankind? Some Reservations.John Zammito - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):29-62.
Perpetual Peace.Patricia I. Vieira - 2016 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):407-425.
The Gulf Between Nature and Freedom and Nature ’s Guarantee of Perpetual Peace.Henry Allison - 1995 - Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress 1:37-49.
Kant and the Limits of Autonomy.Susan Meld Shell - 2009 - Harvard University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-12-29

Total views
26 ( #427,489 of 2,463,153 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,391 of 2,463,153 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes