Hypatia 21 (2):1-27 (2006)

Abstract
Like the goddess Demeter, Diotima from Mantineia, the prophetess who teaches Socrates about eros and the “rites of love” in Plato's Symposium, was a mystagogue who initiated individuals into her mysteries, mediating to humans esoteric knowledge of the divine. The dialogue, including Diotima's speech, contains religious and mystical language, some of which specifically evokes the female-centered yearly celebrations of Demeter at Eleusis. In this essay, I contextualize the worship of Demeter within the larger system of classical Athenian practices, and propose that Plato borrowed Eleusinian language because it criticized conventional notions of the divine, thereby allowing him to reimagine the possibilities for the philosophical process among humans.
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DOI 10.2979/hyp.2006.21.2.1
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References found in this work BETA

The Fragility of Goodness.Martha Nussbaum - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):376-383.
Was Plato a Feminist?Gregory Vlastos - March 17-23 1989 - The Times Literary Supplement:276, 288-9.
Greek Homosexuality.John Boardman & K. J. Dover - 1980 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 100:244-245.
The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy.Paul B. Woodruff - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):205-210.

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Citations of this work BETA

Diotima and Kuèsis in the Light of the Myths of the God’s Annexation of Pregnancy.Anne Gabrièle Wersinger - 2014 - Plato: The Internet Journal of the International Plato Society 14:23-38.

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