ProtoSociology 27:212-235 (2011)

Simon Evnine
University of Miami
Constitution is the relation between something and what it is made of. Composition is the relation between something and its parts. I examine three different approaches to the relation between constitution and composition. One approach, associated with neo-Aristotelians like Mark Johnston and Kathrin Koslicki, identifies constitution with composition. A second, popular with those sympathetic to classical mereology such as Judith Thomson, defines constitution in terms of parthood. A third, advocated strongly by Lynne Baker, takes constitution to be somehow inconsistent with relations of parthood. All of these approaches, I argue, face serious problems. I conclude, tentatively, that constitution and composition have nothing to do with each other.
Keywords Koslicki  Johnston  Baker  Thomson  Mereology  Constitution  Composition
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ISBN(s) 1434-4319
DOI 10.5840/protosociology20112712
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Mereology.Achille C. Varzi - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Animalism, Abortion, and a Future Like Ours.Andrea Sauchelli - 2019 - Journal of Ethics 23 (3):317-332.
Beyond Supervenience and Construction.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):121-141.

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