Equality of opportunity and affirmative action

Authors
Ezra Ovadia
Tel Aviv University
Abstract
This paper deals with the policy of affirmative action as an additional means for achieving equality of opportunity in society. It assumes that in modem society-at least in principle-the superior positions are distributed according to merit, and on the basis of fair competition. I argue that formal equality of opportunity injects apparently neutral requirements, such as experience, into the selection procedure for top positions, that, in fact, act particularly against women, since they allow the past employment situation to affect the new selection. I use a statistical argument to show that without preferential treatment towards women, they will not overcome structural obstacles that prevent them from getting top positions. I also use the same argument to show that affirmative action at present contributes to equality of opportunity in the future
Keywords Applied Philosophy  Contemporary Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 1077-1999
DOI 10.5840/pcw200714116
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 34,484
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Fair Equality of Opportunity.Larry A. Alexander - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.
Rawlsian Affirmative Action.Robert S. Taylor - 2009 - Ethics 119 (3):476-506.
Affirmative Action, Meritocracy, and Efficiency.Steven N. Durlauf - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):131-158.
The Value in Equal Opportunity: Reply to Kershnar.John O'dea - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):177–187.
The Case Against Affirmative Action.Louis P. Pojman - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):97-115.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
73 ( #85,636 of 2,267,109 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
8 ( #47,549 of 2,267,109 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature