Evidential scalar implicatures

Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (4):285-312 (2012)
Abstract
This paper develops an analysis of a scalar implicature that is induced by the use of reportative evidentials such as the Cuzco Quechua enclitic = si and the German modal sollen. Reportatives, in addition to specifying the speaker’s source of information for a statement as a report by someone else, also usually convey that the speaker does not have direct evidence for the proposition expressed. While this type of implicature can be calculated using the same kind of Gricean reasoning that underlies other scalar implicatures, it requires two departures from standard assumptions. First, evidential scalar implicatures differ from the more familiar scalar implicatures in that they do not turn on the notion of informativeness but on the notion of evidential strength. Second, the implicature arises on the illocutionary level of meaning. It is argued that a version of Grice’s maxim of quantity in terms of illocutionary strength can account for this evidential scalar implicature as well as for the more typical scalar implicatures. The account developed also proposes some revisions to the taxonomy of speech acts and suggests that the sincerity conditions of assertive speech acts contain an evidential sincerity condition in addition to the belief condition standardly assumed
Keywords Evidentials  Scalar implicatures  Informativeness  Speech acts  Illocutionary strength  Epistemic step
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10988-012-9119-8
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,300
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Scalar Implicatures in Complex Sentences.Uli Sauerland - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (3):367-391.
Quantity Implicatures.Bart Geurts - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.

View all 22 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Added to PP index
2012-10-02

Total downloads
53 ( #101,637 of 2,193,213 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #33,576 of 2,193,213 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature