Philosophy of Science 45 (2):273-288 (1978)

Authors
Evan Fales
University of Iowa
Abstract
Theoretical simplicity is difficult to characterize, and evidently can depend upon a number of distinct factors. One such desirable characteristic is that the laws of a theory have relatively few "counterinstances" whose accommodation requires the invocation of a ceteris paribus condition and ancillary explanation. It is argued that, when one theory is reduced to another, such that the laws of the second govern the behavior of the parts of the entities in the domain of the first, there is a characteristic gain in simplicity of the sort mentioned: while I see no way of quantitatively measuring the "amount" of defeasibility of the laws of a theory, microreduction can be shown to decrease that "amount."
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DOI 10.1086/288800
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Induction and Reasoning to the Best Explanation.R. A. Fumerton - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (4):589-600.
Relative Essentialism.Evan Fales - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (4):349-370.
Reasons, Causes, and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Knowledge.Warren Schmaus - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):189-196.

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