What Is Lying

Journal of Philosophy 106 (1):29-56 (2009)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

In order to lie, you have to say something that you believe to be false. But lying is not simply saying what you believe to be false. Philosophers have made several suggestions for what the additional condition might be. For example, it has been suggested that the liar has to intend to deceive (Augustine 395, Bok 1978, Mahon 2006), that she has to believe that she will deceive (Chisholm and Feehan 1977), or that she has to warrant the truth of what she says (Carson 2006). In this paper, I argue that none of the existing definitions of lying identify a necessary condition on lying. I claim that lying is saying what you believe to be false when you believe that the following norm of conversation is in effect: "Do not say what you believe to be false" (Grice 1989, 27). And I argue that this definition handles all of the counter-examples to the existing definitions

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,140

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The definition of lying.Thomas L. Carson - 2006 - Noûs 40 (2):284–306.
Two Definitions of Lying.James Edwin Mahon - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):211-230.
Lying and Asserting.Andreas Stokke - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (1):33-60.
Liar Liar.Thomas Carson - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):189-210.
Lying and intentions.Gary E. Jones - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):347-349.
On the definition of lying: A reply to Jones and revisions.Thomas L. Carson - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):509-514.
Second Thoughts About Bluffing.Thomas Carson - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):317-341.
Lying and Deception.Don Fallis - 2010 - Philosophers' Imprint 10.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
607 (#15,654)

6 months
19 (#57,071)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Don Fallis
Northeastern University

Citations of this work

Linguistic Interventions and Transformative Communicative Disruption.Rachel Katharine Sterken - 2020 - In Herman Cappelen, David Plunkett & Alexis Burgess (eds.), Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 417-434.
Lying with Presuppositions.Emanuel Viebahn - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):731-751.
Lying and Asserting.Andreas Stokke - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (1):33-60.
The Definition of Lying and Deception.James Edwin Mahon - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

View all 93 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references