American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):37-48 (2007)
Personhood is a foundational concept in ethics, yet defining criteria have been elusive. In this article we summarize attempts to define personhood in psychological and neurological terms and conclude that none manage to be both specific and non-arbitrary. We propose that this is because the concept does not correspond to any real category of objects in the world. Rather, it is the product of an evolved brain system that develops innately and projects itself automatically and irrepressibly onto the world whenever triggered by stimulus features such as a human-like face, body, or contingent patterns of behavior. We review the evidence for the existence of an autonomous person network in the brain and discuss its implications for the field of ethics and for the implicit morality of everyday behavior.
|Keywords||Bioethics Brain Ethics Neuroscience Personhood Psychology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology.Daniel C. Dennett (ed.) - 1978 - Bradford Books.
Infants Selectively Encode the Goal Object of an Actor's Reach.A. Woodward - 1998 - Cognition 69 (1):1-34.
Citations of this work BETA
Neuroscience and Metaphysics.Chris Buford & Fritz Allhoff - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):34 – 36.
The Necessary-and-Sufficient Boondoggle.Patricia Smith Churchland - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):54-55.
Will Neuroscientific Discoveries About Free Will and Selfhood Change Our Ethical Practices?Chris Kaposy - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):51-59.
Border Zones of Consciousness: Another Immigration Debate?Joseph Fins - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):51-54.
Abortion Law Should Align With Evidence From Neuroscience.Clint Perry & Gidon Felsen - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (12):49-51.
Similar books and articles
Personhood and Human Embryos and Fetuses.Carol A. Tauer - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (3):253-266.
Confucianism and Ethics in the Western Philosophical Tradition I: Foundational Concepts.Mary I. Bockover - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (4):307-316.
A Transcendental Argument for the Concept of Personhood in Neuroscience.Mark Sagoff - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):72-73.
Split Brains and Singular Personhood.John D. Greenwood - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):285-306.
Neuroethics.Katrina Sifferd - 2016 - In Vilayanur Ramachandran (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 3e. Elsevier.
Paradigms and Personhood: A Deepening of the Dilemmas in Ethics and Medical Ethics.Edmund L. Erde - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):141-160.
Brain Transplants and the Orthodox View of Personhood.Gavin J. Fairbairn - 2002 - In R.N. Fisher (ed.), Suffering, Death, and Identity. New York: Rodopi.
Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Personhood and Neuroscience: Naturalizing or Nihilating?": Getting Personal.Martha Farah & Andrea Heberlein - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):1-4.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads148 ( #31,302 of 2,158,901 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #132,309 of 2,158,901 )
How can I increase my downloads?