The status of psychoanalytic theory

Inquiry 7 (1-4):104 – 123 (1964)
What is the place of Psychoanalytic Theory on our map of knowledge and belief? Various alternatives are considered. Is it a scientific theory? — a myth? — or like a prescientific example of natural philosophy? — a branch of medical knowledge? — a premature empirical synthesis that is an approximation to the truth? Each of these answers runs into objections and difficulties, some of which are examined or noted. On the assumption that it is a provisional story which approximates to the truth, the question is then raised: what can we do to find out how much of an approximation to the truth the theory really is? The relevance and value of psychological studies are discussed; and the suggestion is made that the status of Psychoanalytic Theory will remain an ambiguous one for some time to come.
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DOI 10.1080/00201746408601394
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Michael Martin (1970). An Explicative Model of Theory Testing. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1 (2):228-242.

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