Open Theology 6 (1):167-174 (2020)

Bogdan Faul
Saint-Petersburg State University
Samuel Lebens and Tyron Goldschmidt provided original theodicies, which suggest that at one time God will change the past, either by erasing/substituting the sins of humans or erasing the whole entirety of evils. Both theodicies imply the idea that God can completely change the past without leaving any traces. In this paper, I argue that Lebens’ and Goldschmidt’s preferred model, which they call the scene-changing theory, is problematic. First, its complex metaphysical foundation could be replaced with presentism (roughly, the view in the ontology of time that only present things exist) without losing any substantial heuristics. Second, their theory either implies a controversial theory of truthmaking under presentistic and hyper-presentistic ontology or implies controversial views on the counting of events under presentistic and hyper-presentistic ontology. Thirdly, I will argue that any theory of elimination/substitution of evils of the past implies that there are unnecessary evils, which is inconsistent with God’s goodness.
Keywords the problem of evil  God  necessary evil  eternalism  presentism  moving spotlight theory  philosophy of time  hypertime
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References found in this work BETA

What is Presentism?Daniel Deasy - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):378-397.
The Moving Spotlight Theory.Daniel Deasy - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (8):2073-2089.
Presentism and Properties.John Bigelow - 1996 - Philosophical Perspectives 10:35-52.
Presentism and Ontological Commitment.Theodore Sider - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (7):325-347.
The Minimal A-Theory.Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (2):149-174.

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