Sunscreen safety: The precautionary principle, the australian therapeutic goods administration and nanoparticles in sunscreens [Book Review]
NanoEthics 2 (3):231-240 (2008)
The ‘Precautionary Principle’ provides a somewhat ill-defined guide, often of uncertain normative status, for those exercising administrative decision-making power in circumstances where that may create potential risks to human health or the environment. This paper seeks to explore to what extent the precautionary principle should have been and was in fact utilised by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) in its decision to approve the marketing of sunscreens containing titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) in nanoparticulate form. In particular, this article assesses to what extent better application of that principle might have altered the TGA’s decision that TiO2 and ZnO ENPs in sunscreens do not require new safety testing, because they are considered to be functionally equivalent to their bulk counterparts.
|Keywords||Nanoparticles Precautionary principle Sunscreens Therapeutic goods administration|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Transnational Models for Regulation of Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant & Douglas J. Sylvester - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (4):714-725.
Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Perspectives and Prospects.Elizabeth Fisher & Rene von Schomberg (eds.) - 2006 - Edward Elgar.
Citations of this work BETA
Meta-Regulation and Nanotechnologies: The Challenge of Responsibilisation Within the European Commission's Code of Conduct for Responsible Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies Research. [REVIEW]Bärbel Dorbeck-Jung & Clare Shelley-Egan - 2013 - NanoEthics 7 (1):55-68.
Nanotechnology and Ethics: The Role of Regulation Versus Self-Commitment in Shaping Researchers' Behavior. [REVIEW]Matthias Fink, Rainer Harms & Isabella Hatak - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):569-581.
The Social Impacts of Nanotechnology: An Ethical and Political Analysis. [REVIEW]Robert Sparrow - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):13-23.
New Zealand's Regulation of Cosmetic Products Containing Nanomaterials.Jennifer Moore - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):185-188.
Avoiding the Trust Deficit: Public Engagement, Values, the Precautionary Principle and the Future of Nanotechnology. [REVIEW]Margaret Stebbing - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):37-48.
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