Dispositions

In The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell (2015)
Abstract
It is common in psychiatry and other sciences to describe an individual or a type of individual in terms of its disposition to manifest specific effects in a particular range of circumstances. According to one understanding, dispositions are statistical regularities of an individual or type of individual in specific circumstances. According to another understanding, dispositions are properties of individuals in virtue of which such regularities hold. This entry considers a number of ways of making each of these senses of disposition more precise while discussing a number of dangers lurking in careless use of the concept of a disposition.
Keywords dispositions  mechanisms  regularity  personality traits  testing in psychology  behaviorism
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