Utilitas 24 (2):151-171 (2012)

Abstract
Act-utilitarianism and other theories in normative ethics confront the implementability problem: normal human agents, with normal human epistemic abilities, lack the information needed to use those theories directly for the selection of actions. Two Level Theories have been offered in reply. The theoretical level component states alleged necessary and sufficient conditions for moral rightness. That component is supposed to be true, but is not intended for practical use. It gives an account of objective obligation. The practical level component is offered as an implementable system for the choice of actions by agents lacking some relevant information. It gives an account of subjective obligation. Several different ways of developing Two Levelism are explained and criticized. Five conditions that must be satisfied if the practical level principle is to be a good match for a given theoretical level principle are stated. A better form of Two Levelism is presented.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0953820812000155
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,577
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point.R. M. Hare (ed.) - 1981 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Subjective Rightness.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Normativity of Rationality.Benjamin Kiesewetter - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The Scope of Instrumental Morality.Michael Moehler - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (2):431-451.
Subjective Rightness and Minimizing Expected Objective Wrongness.Kristian Olsen - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (3):417-441.
Objectivism and Prospectivism About Rightness.Elinor Mason - 2013 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (2):1-22.

View all 11 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What is Hierarchical Selection?Ben Goertzel - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):27-33.
Is Logic a Theoretical or Practical Discipline? Kant and/or Bolzano.Anita Kasabova - 2002 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (3):319-333.
Connectionism, Modularity, and Tacit Knowledge.Martin Davies - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (December):541-55.
Supervenience and Explanation.Harold Kincaid - 1988 - Synthese 77 (November):251-81.
Contextualism for Consequentialists.Alastair Norcross - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (2):80-90.
Representing High-Level Properties in Perceptual Experience.Parker Crutchfield - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):279 - 294.
Wide Physical Realization.Wim de Muijnck - 2003 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):97 – 111.
Realism Despite Cognitive Antireductionism.Fritz Rohrlich - 2004 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):73 – 88.
The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory Choice.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-05-23

Total views
249 ( #38,404 of 2,446,658 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #231,778 of 2,446,658 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes