Review of General Psychology 6 (2):153-165 (2002)

Abstract
Scientific concepts are defined by metaphors. These metaphors determine what atten- tion is and what count as adequate explanations of the phenomenon. The authors analyze these metaphors within 3 types of attention theories: (a) --cause-- theories, in which attention is presumed to modulate information processing (e.g., attention as a spotlight; attention as a limited resource); (b) --effect-- theories, in which attention is considered to be a by-product of information processing (e.g., the competition meta- phor); and (c) hybrid theories that combine cause and effect aspects (e.g., biased- competition models). The present analysis reveals the crucial role of metaphors in cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and the efforts of scientists to find a resolution to the classic problem of cause versus effect interpretations.
Keywords attention
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Samuel Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
Attention and Effort.Daniel Kahneman - 1973 - Prentice-Hall.

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Citations of this work BETA

Attention.Christopher Mole - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Media Multitasking, Attention, and Distraction: A Critical Discussion.Jesper Aagaard - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):885-896.
Meditation as a Cultural Practice: A Cultural-Historical Activity Perspective.Maria Falikman - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 3:110-132.

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