Disinformation: The use of false information [Book Review]
Minds and Machines 14 (2):231-240 (2004)
The distinction between misinformation and disinformation becomes especially important in political, editorial, and advertising contexts, where sources may make deliberate efforts to mislead, deceive, or confuse an audience in order to promote their personal, religious, or ideological objectives. The difference consists in having an agenda. It thus bears comparison with lying, because lies are assertions that are false, that are known to be false, and that are asserted with the intention to mislead, deceive, or confuse. One context in which disinformation abounds is the study of the death of JFK, which I know from more than a decade of personal research experience. Here I reflect on that experience and advance a preliminary theory of disinformation that is intended to stimulate thinking on this increasingly important subject. Five kinds of disinformation are distinguished and exemplified by real life cases I have encountered. It follows that the story you are about to read is true.
|Keywords||Assassination Science Murder in Dealey Plaza The Warren Report JFK assassination disinformation fabricated evidence misinformation|
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A Universal Model for the Normative Evaluation of Internet Information.Edward H. Spence - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):243-253.
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