Philosophy Compass 12 (7):1-12 (2017)

Authors
Bronwyn Finnigan
Australian National University
Abstract
This article provides a philosophical overview of some of the central Buddhist positions and argument regarding animal welfare. It introduces the Buddha's teaching of ahiṃsā or non-violence and rationally reconstructs five arguments from the context of early Indian Buddhism that aim to justify its extension to animals. These arguments appeal to the capacity and desire not to suffer, the virtue of compassion, as well as Buddhist views on the nature of self, karma, and reincarnation. This article also considers how versions of these arguments have been applied to address a practical issue in Buddhist ethics; whether Buddhists should be vegetarian.
Keywords Buddhism  Animal Ethics  Buddhist Ethics  Vegetarianism  Virtue  Suffering  Karma  Reincarnation
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Reprint years 2017
DOI 10.1111/phc3.12424
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References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Buddhist Ethics.Damien Keown - 1992 - St. Martin's Press.
Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness.The Cowherds - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.

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