How to practise philosophy as therapy: Philosophical therapy and therapeutic philosophy

Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):49-82 (2011)

Authors
Eugen Fischer
University of East Anglia
Abstract
Abstract: The notion that philosophy can be practised as a kind of therapy has become a focus of debate. This article explores how philosophy can be practised literally as a kind of therapy, in two very different ways: as philosophical therapy that addresses “real-life problems” (e.g., Sextus Empiricus) and as therapeutic philosophy that meets a need for therapy which arises in and from philosophical reflection (e.g., Wittgenstein). With the help of concepts adapted from cognitive and clinical psychology, and from cognitive linguistics, the article shows that both philosophical projects address important and literally therapeutic tasks and explains how they can do so with genuinely philosophical argument and analysis. This brings into view new applications for philosophy, a need for therapy in core areas of the subject, and the outline of a new approach to meet what will be shown to be a central need
Keywords Methodology of philosophy  philosophical therapy  therapeutic philosophy  philosophical pictures  Pyrrhonism  Wittgenstein  mind/body problem - ontological
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DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9973.2010.01680.x
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References found in this work BETA

Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle - 1999 - Courier Dover Publications.
Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature.R. Rorty - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
The Concept of Mind.Gilbert Ryle - 1949 - Hutchinson & Co.
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Citations of this work BETA

Philosophy as Therapy: Towards a Conceptual Model.Konrad Banicki - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (1):7-31.
Cynic Cosmopolitanism.Jason Dockstader - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
Hegel's Therapeutic Conception of Philosophy.Paul Giladi - 2015 - Hegel Bulletin (Special Issue on Idealism and Pragmatism) 36 (02): 248-267.

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