Analysis 75 (1):67-77 (2015)

Eugen Fischer
University of East Anglia
Conceptual metaphors facilitate both productive and pernicious analogical reasoning. This article addresses the question: When and why does the frequently helpful use of metaphor become pernicious? By applying the most influential theoretical framework from cognitive psychology in analysing the philosophically most prominent example of pernicious metaphorical reasoning, we identify a philosophically relevant but previously undescribed fallacy in analogical reasoning with metaphors. We then outline an explanation of why even competent thinkers commit this fallacy and obtain a psychologically informed ‘debunking’ explanation of the kind experimental philosophy’s ‘sources project’ seeks
Keywords analogy  analogical inference  conceptual metaphor  mind metaphors  automatic inference  debunking explanation
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DOI 10.1093/analys/anu124
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