Probability

In Jessica Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Routledge (2006)
Authors
Branden Fitelson
Northeastern University
Abstract
There are two central questions concerning probability. First, what are its formal features? That is a mathematical question, to which there is a standard, widely (though not universally) agreed upon answer. This answer is reviewed in the next section. Second, what sorts of things are probabilities---what, that is, is the subject matter of probability theory? This is a philosophical question, and while the mathematical theory of probability certainly bears on it, the answer must come from elsewhere. To see why, observe that there are many things in the world that have the mathematical structure of probabilities---the set of measurable regions on the surface of a table, for example---but that one would never mistake for being probabilities. So probability is distinguished by more than just its formal characteristics. The bulk of this essay will be taken up with the central question of what this “more” might be
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Citations of this work BETA

The Paradox of Confirmation.Branden Fitelson - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (1):95–113.
A Process Ontology.Haines Brown - 2014 - Axiomathes 24 (3):291-312.
Introduction: Formal Epistemology and the Legacy of Logical Empiricism.Sahotra Sarkar & Thomas Uebel - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:1-2.

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