Rational endorsement

Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2649-2675 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

It is valuable for inquiry to have researchers who are committed advocates of their own theories. However, in light of pervasive disagreement, such a commitment is not well explained by the idea that researchers believe their theories. Instead, this commitment, the rational attitude to take toward one’s favored theory during the course of inquiry, is what I call endorsement. Endorsement is a doxastic attitude, but one which is governed by a different type of epistemic rationality. This inclusive epistemic rationality is sensitive to reasons beyond those to think the particular proposition in question is true. Instead, it includes extrinsic epistemic reasons, which concern the health of inquiry more generally. Such extrinsic reasons include the distribution of cognitive labor that a researcher will contribute to by endorsing a particular theory. Recognizing endorsement and inclusive epistemic rationality thus allows us to smooth a tension between individual rationality and collective rationality. It does so by showing how it can be epistemically rational to endorse a theory on the basis of the way this endorsement will benefit collective inquiry. I provide a decision theoretic treatment for inclusive epistemic rationality and endorsement which illustrates how this can be accomplished.

Similar books and articles

Resonance, Moorean Theories and Reflective Endorsement.Patrick H. Yarnell - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):155-172.
Why Change the Subject? On Collective Epistemic Agency.András Szigeti - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):843-864.
Moral reasons, epistemic reasons, and rationality.Alex Worsnip - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):341-361.
Wisdom, Knowledge and Rationality.Sharon Ryan - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (2):99-112.
No Exception for Belief.Susanna Rinard - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (1):121-143.
Irrationality and cognition.John Pollock - 2008 - In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
Rationally Agential Pleasure? A Kantian Proposal.Keren Gorodeisky - 2018 - In Lisa Shapiro (ed.), Pleasure: a History. Oxford University Press. pp. 167-194.
Epistemic instrumentalism.Matthew Lockard - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1701-1718.

Analytics

Added to PP
2017-09-01

Downloads
511 (#20,008)

6 months
71 (#15,523)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Will Fleisher
Georgetown University

Citations of this work

The Knowledge Norm for Inquiry.Christopher Willard-Kyle - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
Endorsement and assertion.Will Fleisher - 2021 - Noûs 55 (2):363-384.
A Faithful Response to Disagreement.Lara Buchak - 2021 - The Philosophical Review 130 (2):191-226.
How to endorse conciliationism.Will Fleisher - 2021 - Synthese 198 (10):9913-9939.

View all 32 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

Thinking, Fast and Slow.Daniel Kahneman - 2011 - New York: New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
The Logic of Decision.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1965 - New York, NY, USA: University of Chicago Press.
Accuracy and the Laws of Credence.Richard Pettigrew - 2016 - New York, NY.: Oxford University Press UK.

View all 113 references / Add more references