The Rubber Hand Illusion: Two’s a company, but three’s a crowd

Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):799-812 (2012)

Frédérique de Vignemont
Institut Jean Nicod
On the one hand, it is often assumed that the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) is constrained by a structural body model so that one cannot implement supernumerary limbs. On the other hand, several recent studies reported illusory duplication of the right hand in subjects exposed to two adjacent rubber hands. The present study tested whether spatial constraints may affect the possibility of inducing the sense of ownership to two rubber hands located side by side to the left of the subject's hand. We found that only the closest rubber hand appeared both objectively (proprioceptive drift) and subjectively (ownership rating) embodied. Crucially, synchronous touch of a second, but farther, rubber hand disrupted the objective measure of the RHI, but not the subjective one. We concluded that, in order to elicit a genuine RHI for multiple rubber hands, the two rubber hands must be at the same distance from the subject's hand/body
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2012.02.008
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 46,330
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Embodiment, Ownership and Disownership.Frédérique de Vignemont - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):1-12.
Bodily Awareness: A Sense of Ownership.Michael G. F. Martin - 1995 - In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. MIT Press. pp. 267–289.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Toward a Cognitive Model of the Sense of Embodiment in a (Rubber) Hand.Glenn Carruthers - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):3 - 4.
A Strange Hand: On Self-Recognition and Recognition of Another.Jenny Slatman - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):321-342.
A Self for the Body.Frédérique de Vignemont - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (3):230-247.


Added to PP index

Total views
77 ( #113,662 of 2,286,035 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
13 ( #65,045 of 2,286,035 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature