Chiasmi International 21:207-223 (2019)

Abstract
This article examines Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s reference to Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis” and “Investigations of a Dog” in his lecture on gesture and reconciliation, “Man Seen from the Outside.” Given the centrality of gesture in Kafka’s work, this essay considers the connections between the two figures and the likely influence of Kafka on Merleau-Ponty’s concept of gesture and intentionality. It compares their respective philosophies of gesture as they relate to meaning, reliability, silence, music, and intention. Finally, Kafka’s gestural motif of the springing body is suggested as a significant example of Merleau-Ponty’s “escaping intentions,” expressing a powerful will to intend toward others.Cet article examine la référence de Maurice Merleau-Ponty à La Métamorphose et aux Recherches d’un chien de Franz Kafka dans sa « causerie » sur le geste et la réconciliation : « L’homme vu du dehors ». Étant-donnée la centralité du geste dans l’oeuvre de Kafka, cet article examine les liens entre les deux auteurs et la possible influence de Kafka sur les concepts merleau-pontiens de geste et d’intentionnalité. Nous comparerons leurs philosophies du geste dans leur manière de se rapporter au sens, à la fiabilité, au silence, à la musique et à l’intention. Enfin, le motif gestuel du corps jaillissant chez Kafka sera proposé comme un exemple significatif des « intentions fuyantes » de Merleau-Ponty, exprimant un puissant désir de se diriger vers les autres.Quest’articolo esamina i riferimenti merleau-pontiani a “La Metamorfosi” e a “Indagini di un cane” di Franz Kafka nella sua conferenza sul gesto e la riconciliazione, “L’uomo visto da fuori”. Data la centralità del gesto nell’opera di Kafka, questo saggio si propone di esaminare le connessioni tra i due autori e la possibile influenza di Kafka sulla concezione merleau-pontiana del gesto e dell’intenzionalità. L’articolo confronta le loro rispettive filosofie del gesto nella misura in cui si riferiscono al significato, alla veridicità, al silenzio, alla musica e all’intenzione. Da ultimo, il motivo gestuale del corpo elastico in Kafka è indagato come significativo esempio delle “intenzioni fuggevoli” merleau-pontiane che esprimono una volontà tesa verso gli altri.
Keywords Contemporary Philosophy  Continental Philosophy  Language and Literature  Major Philosophers
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ISBN(s) 1637-6757
DOI 10.5840/chiasmi20192120
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