A note on the definition of “dual use”

Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):111-118 (2010)
While there has been much interest in this topic, no generally accepted definition of dual use has been forthcoming. As a contribution to this issue, it is maintained that three related kinds of things comprise the category of dual use: research, technologies and artefacts. In regard to all three kinds, difficulties are identified in making clear distinctions between those that are and are not dual use. It is suggested that our classification should take account of actual capacities and willingness to make use of these objects for ‘bad ends’ and not the mere possibility that this could be done, and here three ‘contextual factors’ are identified. A (provisional) definition is proposed that takes account of threats and risks.
Keywords Dual-use  Research and development  Technology  Harmful uses of research and technology  Improvised and purpose-built weapons  Threat  Risk
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DOI 10.1007/s11948-009-9159-9
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References found in this work BETA
Philosophical Aspects of Dual Use Technologies.Svitlana V. Pustovit & Erin D. Williams - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):17-31.
The Responsible Scientist.John Forge - 2008 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
What Are the Moral Limits of Weapons Research?John Forge - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):76-87.

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Citations of this work BETA
The Concept of Governance in Dual-Use Research.Alex Dubov - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):447-457.

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