Adaptation, Exaptation, By-Products and Spandrels in Evolutionary Explanations of Morality

Biological Theory 5 (3):223-227 (2010)
Adaptationist accounts of morality attempt to explain the evolution of morality in terms of the selective advantage that judging in moral terms secured for our ancestors (e.g. Ruse 1998; Joyce 2006; Street 2006). So-called by-product explanations of morality have been presented as an alternative to adaptationist accounts (e.g. Prinz 2009; Ayala 2010; cf. Darwin 2004/1871). In assessing the relationship between adaptationist and by-product accounts, care must be taken to distinguish several related but importantly different notions: innateness, adaptation, exaptation, spandrel, and by-product.
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DOI 10.1162/BIOT_a_00052
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References found in this work BETA
What is Innateness?Paul Griffiths - 2002 - The Monist 85 (1):70-85.
Darwinian Ethics and Error.R. Joyce - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (5):713-732.
Can Moral Obligations Be Empirically Discovered?Jesse J. Prinz - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):271-291.
Acquired Moral Truths. [REVIEW]Jesse Prinz - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):219-227.

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Citations of this work BETA
Rescuing Tracking Theories of Morality.Marc Artiga - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3357-3374.

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