Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: The Relevance Of Karl Popper’s ‘Open Society’

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Abstract
In ‘The Open Society and its Enemies,’ Karl Popper contrasts closed and open societies. He evaluates irrationalism and the different kinds of rationalism and he argues that critical rationalism is superior. Living in an open society bestows great benefits but involves a strain that may in some people engender a longing to return to a closed society of tribal submission and an attraction for irrationalism. Attempts to recreate a closed society lead to totalitarianism. In the light of Popper’s arguments I criticise contemporary identity politics and I show that identity politics is irrationalist and tends to totalitarianism.
Keywords Karl Popper  irrationalism  rationalism  open society  closed society  identity politics  multiculturalism  cultural appropriation  transgender  criticism
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